Drug-related Psychological & physical disorders

Postby sarasara » Sat Apr 03, 2021 8:28 am

Drug-related disorders

Substance-related disorders are cases that have the following characteristics: a substance that can be abused, such as alcohol, or a prescription drug that has side effects.

Drug-related disorders can be divided into two groups:

    Substance abuse disorder that includes severe substance abuse and abuse.
    Disorders caused by substance use include the following:
    Material poisoning
    Material deprivation
    Delirium due to substance use
    Persistent dementia caused by substance use
    Persistent amnesia
    Psychotic disorder caused by substance use
    Mood disorder caused by substance use
    Anxiety disorder caused by substance use
    Sexual dysfunction due to substance use
    Sleep disorders caused by substance use
Drug addiction is a disorder that causes a person to become addicted to drugs that are made from authorized or unauthorized substances. Can not be considered healthy.

Once you become addicted to these drugs, you will no longer be able to control your drug use properly and you will most likely be harmed by your drug use.

People who are addicted to drugs have a very strong desire to take drugs, they may want to quit drugs but in most cases they can not quit on their own.

Drug addiction causes a lot of harm to a person and has serious and long-term consequences on physical and mental health and on relationships, employment and the law.

In order to get rid of substance abuse and overcome your addiction, you need to seek treatment with the help of a doctor, family, friends, support groups, and have an organized and detailed treatment plan so that you can quit.

How do we know we are addicted?
In different social situations, people use drugs on a trial basis and most of the time they become addicted. Drug use is common for many people.

There are different types of drugs and the risk of addiction and the speed of dependence on it is very different, many drugs have a very high risk of addiction and cause more dependence in the person than other drugs.

Due to dependence, the addicted person needs more doses of the drug over time. In most cases, he or she may use the drug to improve his or her mood, but when he or she increases the use of the drug, this may result. He can no longer live without medicine and he must use it to be well.

When a person wants to quit and stops using drugs, strong cravings and stimuli are created for him and the person feels that he has a physical illness which is a sign of quitting.

Symptoms of drug addiction
A person who is addicted to drugs shows the following signs and symptoms in the crowd:

He feels that he should use drugs regularly and need to use drugs once or several times a day.
He has a very strong desire for medicine.
It takes more time over time for the drug to take effect.
He must be sure that he has enough drugs, otherwise he will become anxious.
Even if he does not have the money to buy the material, he still tries to get it.
Due to drug use, their work responsibilities and obligations will be reduced and their social and recreational activities will be reduced.
Doing inappropriate things like stealing and stealing to get drugs.
When doing drugs, they perform high-risk activities such as driving.
They focus a lot on time and spend their energy on drugs.
They try hard to quit drugs but fail.
Experiences withdrawal symptoms when quitting drug use.
Drug use disorder
A: Material dependence
When a person becomes psychologically and physically addicted to drugs, he or she develops symptoms such as cognitive-behavioral and physiological symptoms, which indicate that in addition to being involved in drug-related issues, he or she also continues to use drugs. Gives. The patient constantly and repeatedly follows a consumption pattern that causes him to take the drug compulsorily, this leads to his tolerance and deprivation, and when he does not use the substance, his tolerance and patience decrease and he becomes nervous. .

Substance dependence occurs psychologically and physically in individuals, and in many cases psychological and behavioral dependence is established as a habit.

In this case, the following symptoms are observed in the person:
The patient has a strong, continuous, and intermittent desire to use drugs to get rid of the hangover and meet his physical or physiological needs because he is addicted to drugs.
Inability to stop taking the drug because it has effects such as physical pain, etc. that are painful for the consumer and he can not quit.
Tolerance is that the addicted person needs more substances to consume in order to achieve the desired effect, when the person consumes a certain amount of time but does not have a significant effect on him, the amount of substance consumption is forced to increase. Give.

Tolerance indicates the response to the effects and effects of drugs, which must increase the amount of drugs to achieve the required effect.

Addiction means physical and psychological dependence on drugs, and because it is an unscientific term, it is not very effective and instead they use drug dependence or drug dependence.

B. Substance Abuse :
Drug abuse is a misguided pattern of drug use that has many consequences and harms to the individual, and socio-legal, occupational, and drug problems may occur in a variety of situations that may be dangerous to the body. .

For example, while driving, a person may use substances that can be abused. These include alcohol, amphetamines, caffeine, cannabis, opioids, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, nicotine, painkillers, hypnotics, anxiolytics, and phencyclidine. Or called psychotropic.

Psychotropic substances are substances that change a person's consciousness and mental state when they enter the body, and these substances have been used since ancient times in various forms such as medicine, solutions, herbs, etc.

Drug-related disorders
A: substance poisoning
When using drugs, at the same time, the person experiences changes and effects psychologically and physically, which are removed from the body when the substance is excreted. In this case, it is said that the person has been poisoned.

The effects of substance poisoning vary from person to person and depend on factors such as the type of substance used, the amount of substance used, the person's tolerance, and the time interval between the last use.

B- Deprivation of materials, deprivation or withdrawal
Withdrawal or withdrawal is the presence of signs and symptoms that indicate that a person has a tendency to reduce or stop excessive and continuous drug use. After the onset of adverse signs and symptoms in the patient, the person may re-use the substance to gain relief and avoid these symptoms and be tempted to reuse.

C- Psychological disorders caused by substances
Some mental disorders are related to the drugs we use, such as alcohol and opioids, etc. They cause disorders such as delirium, dementia, forgetfulness, psychotic disorder, mood, functional anxiety, sleep disorders and sexual dysfunction.

There are many drugs on the market today, and teens and young adults typically use substances such as heroin, cocaine, crack, morphine, opium, glass, marijuana, flowers and cannabis, so that evidence is available in high schools. Being and using psychedelics and drugs by teenagers.

Drug use has many harms and side effects, and if a person becomes addicted to drugs in adolescence, problems such as academic failure, isolation, alienation from family environments will occur and he will have a bleak future.

If a person is constantly using drugs and psychotropic substances, he will become very dependent on it psychologically, so that it directly affects the central nervous system or the brain and causes major problems that It can be referred to severe mental disorders.

Some of the symptoms and side effects of drug use:
Chaotic and inappropriate appearance
Suffering from oral diseases
Skin disorders such as acne, hives, swelling and itching
Decreased sexual potency in men
Infertility in women
Decreased body defense system
Liver damage
kidney disease
Respiratory disorders
When a person uses drugs and psychotropic substances, the smoke from the drug enters the bloodstream and enters the nervous system and brain, in which case the substance affects these devices and conditions such as intoxication, pleasure, euphoria. And there is peace in the person.
These substances affect the body and mind for about 2 to 5 hours about 15 to 30 minutes after consumption and cause the person to feel happy and orgasm during this period.

After the end of this state, the person tends to repeat the use of substances and experience the same states, and in the same way, the use of substances is repeated over and over again.

Mental disorders caused by drug use
If drugs are used for a long time, it causes many mental disorders in the person, which are:

Isolation and isolation
major depression
Doubt and pessimism
the fear
Weight Loss
Loss of motivation
Reluctance to do daily activities
Inability to make important and vital decisions
Paranoid Behaviors
behavioral disorders
Visual illusions
Fear of rejection
And the things that make a person vulnerable in society.
Over time, a person gains a true and correct understanding of his or her physical, mental, and psychological condition, which causes his or her mind to become involved in being excluded from others and to stay away from the community.

Doing illegal things
The drug user commits illegal acts in order to meet his needs and obtain drugs, and may commit acts such as extortion, theft, threatening others with harm, or even rape and murder. , Without being fully aware of the situation and being able to master the situation.

People who have had mild mental illnesses before taking drugs or psychotropic substances such as severe anxiety, chronic fear, lethargy, inability to make decisions, mood and mental disorders become more prone to drugs after taking drugs. And their illnesses are aggravated by substance abuse, and in addition to mental illness, the problem of addiction is added to their problems.

An addicted patient also suffers from a hangover if he is deprived of drugs, which is an example of psychological problems.

Individual symptoms during hangover
When addicted and deprived of drugs, the person develops symptoms that are described below and these symptoms vary according to the person's personality, type of drug use and duration of use:

    Muscle spasms
    Night sweats
    Insomnia or nightmares
    nausea and vomiting
    Respiratory disorders
    Excessive fatigue and hallucinations
In many cases, a person has hallucinations due to excessive consumption of substances such as glass and psychedelics, and has caused a lot of damage to himself and those around him.

One of the psychological problems that occurs in a person due to the use of these substances is paranoia, which causes many problems in daily life.

Baby addiction
What is a baby addiction and why do babies get addicted?
Addiction study
It is very difficult to study and identify the problems of drug users because these patients do not want to inform others about their problems and issues and are afraid to express their problems, and addicts are not generally trustworthy.

Therefore, in order to obtain information and a description of their current condition, information should be obtained from those around and family members, and the patient should be informed about medical problems related to drug use and diseases such as AIDS, hepatitis and other infections caused by infected injections. Examined because obtaining this information is very important.

We also need to know the physiological and psychological needs of the patient and the pattern of their abuse. For example, does the patient use drugs periodically or continuously, is he looking for abuse? What problems does drug use create in his social and family life? Family problems, work problems, legal problems, etc. should be well defined.

The examination should also identify the positive characteristics of the patient on the basis of which the treatment period can be started.

Notes on Addiction Review
In addition to the above, patients with substance-related disorders should be thoroughly screened and the following points should be considered when reviewing them.

Examination of the patient's mental status for the presence of personality disorders such as antisocial, borderline and narcissistic personality disorder

Evaluation of other anxiety, mood and psychotic disorders
Identify disease support groups, for example, from whom you can get help when leaving.
Use screening tests to diagnose suspected drug abuse
Also answer questions such as:
Who referred the patient?
What is the patient's opinion on the issue?
What do you expect from the treatment?
What do those around you think about the issue?
What substances does it use?
When did he start using drugs?
What was the number and frequency of drug use?
What has the Turkish era been like in the past?
What treatments have been done in the past?
Examine the patient's employment history pattern.
Check for legal problems
Learn how to spend your free time
Examine the final position the patient is taking.
Nursing diagnoses
Examples of problems for substance abuse patients that should be addressed in nursing diagnoses are as follows:

A- Biological problems that include:
    Sensory-motor changes
    Talent to hurt
    Defective self-care
    Sexual dysfunction
    Susceptibility to infection
    Sleep pattern disorder
    Eating Disorders
    Disruption of comfort and frequent pain experience
    Disorders in biological growth and development
    B- Psychological problems including:
    Destruction of communications
    Ineffective individual adaptation
    Impaired self-concept
    the fear
    Social isolation
    Disorder of family responsibilities
    Potential ability for violence
    Defects in consciousness
    Disorders in the thought process
    Disorders in psychological growth and development
    Examples of nursing diagnoses are:
    Sensory, perceptual, visual, auditory changes associated with substance deprivation
    Eating disorders are less than the body needs in relation to alcohol dependence
    In connection with alcohol poisoning has the potential to provoke violence.
    Increased risk of injury associated with substance poisoning
    Anesthetic substances
Interventions related to sensory - perceptual changes :
Interventions related to sensory-perceptual changes in a person may result in abuse during withdrawal from alcohol or other psychotropic substances, which disrupts the sensory-perceptual system, such as hallucinations and perceptual errors.

The patient may consider the illusions real and react aggressively to the illusions, in which case the nurse should monitor the patient so as not to harm himself or others.

Interventions related to eating disorders:
Alcohol is said to block the absorption of nutrients such as vitamins and amino acids by the small intestine, and due to bad eating habits in alcoholics, a person may be deficient in vitamins, especially B vitamins.

Necessary measures should be taken for this problem and the person should use vitamins and nutrients and increase fluid intake. It is also very important to use a high-calorie diet and multivitamin-fortified carbohydrates.

In addition, dehydration can be supplied by oral fluids or intravenous infusions.( https://yun.ir/99dfy9)

Other steps that need to be taken are:

Accurate recording of fluids consumed and excreted
The patient should be weighed daily and the amount of weight gain or loss should be recorded.
Provide the patient's favorite foods
Explain the importance of adequate nutrition to the patient.
Adequate nutrition such as nutritious and high-calorie foods should be provided for the patient who is leaving. The patient may have diarrhea when leaving, so he should avoid fatty foods and use enough fluids and salt for diarrhea. Like rice, toast, apples and bananas are good, they should increase meals and reduce the consumption of substances in that meal.
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Postby tokeless » Sat Apr 03, 2021 10:16 am

Not sure what the point of your post is. You seem to have cut and pasted a book, with no explanation of why.
What about sugar addiction? The biggest there is and we have little choice to refuse it because it is hidden in so many foods.
You also omitted the effect of prohibition on addiction and how it creates many of the problems rather than prevent them.
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Postby quietvoice » Sat Apr 03, 2021 1:09 pm

tokeless wrote: You seem to have cut and pasted a book, with no explanation of why.

And also not accredited.

sarasara, provide from where you sourced the text of your posts if they are lifted from elsewhere. It is at the very least proper etiquette to do so.
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Postby sarasara » Sat Apr 03, 2021 2:33 pm

tokeless wrote:Not sure what the point of your post is. You seem to have cut and pasted a book, with no explanation of why.
What about sugar addiction? The biggest there is and we have little choice to refuse it because it is hidden in so many foods.
You also omitted the effect of prohibition on addiction and how it creates many of the problems rather than prevent them.

I wrote it myself but I am not enough fluence, so sorry for my mistakes. I try to improve it.
the article was about connection between drug and psychological and physical disorders.
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Postby tokeless » Sat Apr 03, 2021 2:43 pm

sarasara wrote:
tokeless wrote:Not sure what the point of your post is. You seem to have cut and pasted a book, with no explanation of why.
What about sugar addiction? The biggest there is and we have little choice to refuse it because it is hidden in so many foods.
You also omitted the effect of prohibition on addiction and how it creates many of the problems rather than prevent them.

I wrote it myself but I am not enough fluence, so sorry for my mistakes. I try to improve it.
the article was about connection between drug and psychological and physical disorders.

I would suggest you try and be less prescriptive in your expressing of opinions. There needs to be more balance because millions use these drugs without problems or addiction. You imply that it will lead to addiction. Why would people use drugs of various forms if it wasn't enjoyable, therapeutic or they get something from it? Try reading wider on the topic to understand it better. Also, writing articles for a forum isn't really what it's for imo...
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Postby bawdyheated » Fri Apr 09, 2021 4:18 am

These are very useful information. Thank you for doing this.
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